Over the past 30 years, the human consciousness of adaptation to climate change has become more intense, The international community has made various efforts. Many cooperative and supervisory organizations have been set up and more financial and material resources were put into efforts to mitigate and adapt to the adverse effects of climate change on humankind. International cooperation has become one of the most important concerns in the field of adaptation to climate change.
We have already concluded that most of the observed warming is due to the burning Fossil fuels. Fossil fuels such as oil, coal and natural gas are high in carbon and, when burned, produce major amounts of carbon dioxide or CO2. This conclusion is based on understanding of the atmospheric greenhouse effect and how human activities have been tweaking it from the Industrial Revolution. The chart show the relationship between GDP global per capita, CO2 emission and Tempreture global.
data source:World Bank
In 1992, countries joined an international treaty, the
United Nations Framework Convention
on Climate Change, as a framework for international cooperation to combat climate change
by limiting average global temperature increases and the resulting climate change,
and coping with impacts that were, by then, inevitable.
frequency of event per year
In the recent decades, people gradually become aware of the consequence
of the climate change which is highly relevant to the radical human economic activities. In order to reduce the vulnerability of social and biological systems, the financial support for mitigation and adaptation activities has been increasing annually. Meanwhile, the international cooperation is becoming more and more closely. (Due to the unevenly distributed adaptive capacity, the public resources are mainly transferred from developed to developing countries.)
The multilateral and bilateral cooperations have been extensively expended, and the financial transparency has been improved. But in the current phase we still have some problems. For example, there are still some undefined funds we can not track, we still need more initiatives to monitor and track flows of international climate finance. Further more, although the potential result of climate investment is predictable, but we still can not tell the final result in a short time.